This is one of my favorite times of year… March Madness!
My son and I love to make our brackets, watch the games, and
root for my team vs. his!
That said, I started to think.
I know that sleep can be a BIG factor for both team and
individual performance, and I have seen a few research studies looking at the
football season, and selected games (Monday Night Football), but this is March
Madness we are talking about!
There was a great article from the University
of Michigan Newsletter about a sleep specialist there, who really looked at
First of all, she correctly identifies circadian rhythms as
a key factor. I have written quite a bit about circadian rhythms
over the years. She also correctly identified that there are times in a 24-hour
cycle where performance can be enhanced or decline.
It’s cool to see this hit the mainstream since that’s what
my Power of When book is all about.
Looking at some of the basics, research shows that a peak time for athletic performance is
generally in the late afternoon or early evening. So, if your team is playing
at this time (either on their internal clock or the external one), they might
have an advantage.
But remember that the player’s Chronotypes could also be an
Unfortunately, this is not something we would know. But I
would guess that you need a certain level of determination, sacrifice, and
being health conscious, to be a Division 1 Athlete which would leave a majority
of Wolves out. It would, however, probably include Lions and Bears. Which is
terrible for basketball, since it’s played in the early evenings (depending
upon what round you are watching). I think Dolphins would not make it to this
level (generally speaking), because their anxiety might get the best of them. There
is also a complicating factor, since many of these kids are eighteen and still
growing into their Chronotype, they may still be a Wolf.
This is starting to hurt my brain!
Now don’t forget there is a ton of travel that goes on here,
so we also need to remember that there could be circadian misalignment, (i.e.,
jet lag). Remember that it takes about a day to adjust to each time zone. So,
jet lag may be a factor for the first day the team arrives, but if the team has
been practicing in the new destination for more than 2 days, it’s unlikely it
is a big factor, if at all.
So, what is a team
supposed to do, if they are playing at a time when their body clock thinks its
Push the clock forward with light therapy, and a delayed
practice (light and exercise have been shown to push your circadian rhythms).
And extend sleep. At the elite level, these players are commonly going to need
9-10 hours before a game.
So, should you change your picks for this year’s March Madness,
based on jet lag, chronotype, and circadian silliness? Nope, go for your
favorite, there is always a crazy upset, and have some fun.
Hold on. But what if
you don’t like to watch team sports as much as you like to play them?
Team sports provide more than physical activity and a chance
to exercise—they give us a chance to socialize, to play, to let off steam, to
use skills and modes of thinking that most of us don’t use in our everyday work
lives. Science backs up the mental and emotional benefits of team sports.
Research shows that people who engage in team
sporting activities possess high levels of resilience, perseverance, and
optimism. The direct physical benefits can be significant as well, in terms of
fitness and health.
The big rule for team athletics is: Play at dusk. Late day is the best time for all chronotypes to gather for some sporting fun.
Chronotypes display significant differences in their
attitudes toward team sports and their levels of competitiveness.
Goal-oriented Lions are
the most competitive players, and the most driven to organize and play in team
competitions. Lions like team sports, and they usually show an aggressive style
of play. Nighttime events can be a challenge for Lions—they’ll need a boost
from some late-afternoon sun exposure, and a high-protein snack to keep them
from dragging in the evening.
independent types, don’t take naturally to team sports. Their restless sleep
often leaves them too tired and without sufficient motivation and energy to
Bears are good
team members. They bring enthusiasm to these games, if not the cutthroat drive
that Lions do. Their peak times for play are midday and early evening.
flock to team sports. These night types are less physically active
overall than other chronotypes. When they do get active, they’re more likely to
prefer a solo sport, such as running. If a Wolf has agreed to join a team, he
or she will prefer to play at night.
This rhythm combines several factors: how long you’ve been
awake and how tired you are, along with the difficulty of the sport you’re
playing. During times that you’re alert and rested, coordination will be
greater than when you’re fatigued, or still waking from sleep. Hand-eye coordination peaks at different times, depending on
- Bears see theirs peak between 5-8 p.m.
- Lions, hand-eye coordination is strongest
between 3-6 p.m., while
- Wolves see their hand-eye coordination peak
between 6-9 p.m.
The power rhythm
Your athletic power—including your strength, speed, and
agility—fluctuate along with bio-rhythmic changes to body temperature. When
body temperature is higher, lungs increase in their capacity and more blood
flows to the muscles. You’re more flexible, with quicker reflexes. For most
chronotypes, the power rhythm peaks during late-afternoon or early evening.
This power peak occurs toward the earlier side for Lions, and the later end for
Have you ever noticed that most professional sports games
take place in the evening? This is not only prime TV-watching time. It’s also
the time when most athletes are at the top of their power rhythm, hitting peak
Nobody wants to be the person who screams at the ref or
pulls an underhanded move on an opponent. (Nobody wants to play with that
person, either). The sportsmanship rhythm is all about mood. Better moods equal
greater sportsmanship, and more fun for everyone. For all chronotypes, mood is
at its best in the afternoon and early evening.
The best time to hit the field with your team:
Lions: 2-4 p.m.
Bears: 6-8 p.m.
Wolves: 6-9 p.m.
I know that was a big one, but hey it is March Madness!
If you are interested in a few interviews I did this week,
feel free to check them out.
The post March Madness – The Secret Of Athletic Performance And Sleep appeared first on Your Guide to Better Sleep.